Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning
We customarily adopt the evaluation framework to answer questions of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, and impact. We also emphasize those processes that help our clients use the recommendations gained from evaluations and convert them into decisions and actions, involving all concerned in their endeavors to make improvements in the execution and in the achievement of goals. According to the scope and scale of required evaluation, CDS uses a set of tools and indicators that allow either quantitative, qualitative, or both assessments. Standardized questionnaires, structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions are used as tools for data collection. The qualitative component is designed to serve as a verification tool to explain reasons behind the quantitative indicators, to describe and analyze noted attitudes and behaviors of stakeholders. Whenever pertinent, CDS uses “Participatory Self-Evaluation” methodology that seeks active involvement of those with a stake in a given project: direct and indirect beneficiaries, and other related organizations. CDS’ experience has shown that the more these insiders are involved in identifying evaluation questions and in gathering and analyzing data, the more likely they are to use the information to improve the program.